Biography of Nathaniel Hawthorne Nathaniel HawthorneAmerican author wrote the Gothic Romance The Scarlet Letter ; In a moment, however, wisely judging that one token of her shame would but poorly serve to hide another, she took the baby on her arm, and with a burning blush, and yet a haughty smile, and a glance that would not be abashed, looked around at her townspeople and neighbours. On the breast of her gown, in fine red cloth, surrounded with an elaborate embroidery and fantastic flourishes of gold thread, appeared the letter A. The Scarlet Letter achieved much critical acclaim for Hawthorne.
Throughout his life, Hawthorne was both fascinated and disturbed by his kinship with John Hathorne.
Raised by a widowed mother, Hawthorne attended Bowdoin College in Maine, where he met two people who were to have great impact upon his life: Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, who would later become a famous poet, and Franklin Pierce, who would later become president of the United States.
After college, Hawthorne tried his hand at writing, producing historical sketches and an anonymous novel, Fanshawe, that detailed his college days. Hawthorne also held positions as an editor and as a customs surveyor during this period.
His growing relationship with the intellectual circle that included Ralph Waldo Emerson and Margaret Fuller led him to abandon his customs post for the utopian experiment at Brook Farm, a commune designed to promote economic self-sufficiency and transcendentalist principles.
Transcendentalism was a religious and philosophical movement of the early nineteenth century that was dedicated to the belief that divinity manifests itself everywhere, particularly in the natural world.
It also advocated a personalized, direct relationship with the divine in place of formalized, structured religion.
In he published Mosses from an Old Manse, a collection of essays and stories, many of which are about early America. Inafter having lost the job, he published The Scarlet Letter, which enjoyed critical acclaim and became an instant commercial success.
The House of the Seven Gables appeared the following year and fared even better—its initial sales exceeded even those of The Scarlet Letter. Ultimately, however, The House of the Seven Gables proved less popular with both readers and critics.
Nonetheless, the two books together made Hawthorne a wealthy man. The writer spent the next six years in Europe. He died ina few years after returning to America.Nathaniel Hawthorne decided to become a writer after graduating from college, but he had to take a number of “regular” jobs during his lifetime to make ends meet.
He feared his time in the. Nathaniel Hawthorne was born on July 4, , in Salem, Massachusetts, a descendant of a long line of Puritan ancestors including John Hathorne, a presiding magistrate in the Salem witch trials.
In order to distance himself from his family's shameful involvement in the witch trials, Hawthorne added the "w" to his last name while in his early 20s. Nathaniel Hawthorne: Nathaniel Hawthorne, American novelist and short-story writer who was a master of the allegorical and symbolic tale.
One of the greatest fiction writers in American literature, he is best known for The Scarlet Letter () and The House of the Seven Gables (). Romanticism And The American Renaissance By Edgar Allan Poe And Nathaniel Hawthorne - Romanticism was a literary and artistic movement that arose in the late eighteenth century and died down towards the late nineteenth century.
10 days ago · Nathaniel Hawthorne was born in Salem, Massachusetts, in His family descended from the earliest settlers of the Massachusetts Bay Colony; among his forebears was John Hathorne (Hawthorne added the “w” to his name when he began to write), one . Writings of Nathaniel Hawthorne (Old Manse Edition) ; Samuel Longfellow, Life of Henry W adsworth Longfellow; George Woodberry, Nathaniel Hawthorne; Bliss Perry, The Amateur Spirit-, and John T.
Trowbridge, My Own Story.