Sat 9th Sep1: QUOTE Content, Conduct, Culture I have said roughly the same things many times before, but in view of the intervening comments on this topic I think they may bear repeating. What are the effects of the Wikipedia environment on the critical thinking, information literacy, and research skills of its participants?
The cultural re-organization of Cambodian society, by the dictator Pol Potcreated a government which tried to re-make its society anti-intellectual in what became known as Democratic Kampuchea —a de-industrialized, agricultural country. In the 20th century, some societies have systematically removed intellectuals from power, sometimes assassinating them, to expediently end public political dissent.
That expulsion to exile of the academic intelligentsia became a national brain drain upon the society and economy of Argentina. To realize the Year Zero of Cambodian history, Khmer Rouge social engineering restructured the economy by de-industrialization, and assassinated non-communist Cambodians suspected of "involvement in free-market activities", such as the urban professionals of society physicians, attorneys, engineers, et al.
The Maoist doctrine of Pol Pot identified the farmers as the true proletariat of Cambodia and the true representatives of the working class entitled to hold government power, hence the anti-intellectual purges. Anti-intellectualism is not always violent, because any social group can act anti-intellectually and discount the humanist value to their society of intellectintellectualismand higher education.
In Uruguay, the writer Jorge Majfud said that "this contempt, that arises from a power installed in the social institutions, and from the inferiority complex of its actors, is not a property of 'underdeveloped' countries.
In fact, it is always the critical intellectuals, writers, or artists who head the top-ten lists of 'The Most Stupid of the Stupid' in the country.
Jul 19, · When professors want students to use scholarly resources, she said, they tell their students not to use Wikipedia. The website has become a scapegoat for scholars, she said. But its accessibility makes it alluring to barnweddingvt.com: Megan Zahneis. JOURNAL ARTICLES, BOOK CHAPTERS, BOOKS. Buttler, C.J. and Wilson, M.A. Paleoecology of an Upper Ordovician submarine cave-dwelling bryozoan fauna and its. Professors Should Embrace Wikipedia In Mark Wilson’s article “Professors Should Embrace Wikipedia”, Wilson argues that despite the legitimacy of Wikipedia, educators should engage and take part in helping shape the direction of Wikipedia.
Intellectuals, by definition, are people who take ideas seriously for their own sake. Whether or not a theory is true or false is important to them, independently of any practical applications it may have. But, in the radical movement, the intellectual ideal of knowledge for its own sake is rejected.
Knowledge is seen as valuable only as a basis for action, and it is not even very valuable there. Far more important than what one knows is how one feels. Remember that the publishers want to keep the printing presses busy, and do not object to nonsense if it can be Professors should embrace wikipedia.
Some Key Controversies in the Philosophy of Sciencethe epistemologist Larry Laudan said that the prevailing type of philosophy taught at university in the U. Postmodernism and Poststructuralism is anti-intellectual, because "the displacement of the idea that facts and evidence matter, by the idea that everything boils down to subjective interests and perspectives is — second only to American political campaigns — the most prominent and pernicious manifestation of anti-intellectualism in our time.
In defining intellectuals as "people whose occupations deal primarily with ideas", they are different from people whose work is the practical application of ideas. That cause for layman mistrust lies in the intellectuals' incompetence outside their fields of expertise.
Although possessed of great working knowledge in their specialist fields, when compared to other professions and occupations, the intellectuals of a society face little discouragement against speaking authoritatively beyond their field of formal expertise, and thus are unlikely to face responsibility for the social and practical consequences of their errors.
Hence, a physician is judged competent by the effective treatment of the sickness of a patient, yet might face a medical malpractice lawsuit should the treatment harm the patient. In contrast, a tenured university professor is unlikely to be judged competent or incompetent by the effectiveness of his or her intellectualism ideasand thus not face responsibility for the social and practical consequences of the implementation of the ideas, e.
In the book Intellectuals and SocietySowell said that: By encouraging, or even requiring, students to take stands where they have neither the knowledge nor the intellectual training to seriously examine complex issues, teachers promote the expression of unsubstantiated opinions, the venting of uninformed emotions, and the habit of acting on those opinions and emotions, while ignoring or dismissing opposing views, without having either the intellectual equipment or the personal experience to weigh one view against another in any serious way.
In that manner, the intellectuals of a society intervene and participate in social arenas of which they might not possess expert knowledge, and so unduly influence the formulation and realization of public policy.
In the event, teaching political advocacy in elementary school encourages students to formulate opinions "without any intellectual training or prior knowledge of those issues, making constraints against falsity few or non-existent.
Not merely should they be kept well away from the levers of power, they should also be objects of suspicion when they seek to offer collective advice. In The Powring Out of the Seven Vialsthe Puritan John Cotton demonized intellectual men and women by noting that "the more learned and witty you bee, the more fit to act for Satan will you bee.
Take off the fond doting I say bee not deceived by these pompes, empty shewes, and faire representations of goodly condition before the eyes of flesh and blood, bee not taken with the applause of these persons.
Moreover, there were few intellectuals who possessed the practical hands-on skills required to survive in the New World of North America, which absence from society lead to a deep-rooted, populist suspicion of men and women who specialize in "verbal virtuosity", rather than tangible, measurable products and services: From its colonial beginnings, American society was a "decapitated" society—largely lacking the top-most social layers of European society.
The highest elites and the titled aristocracies had little reason to risk their lives crossing the Atlantic, and then face the perils of pioneering.
Most of the white population of colonial America arrived as indentured servants and the black population as slaves. Later waves of immigrants were disproportionately peasants and proletarianseven when they came from Western Europe The rise of American society to pre-eminence, as an economic, political, and military power, was thus the triumph of the common man, and a slap across the face to the presumptions of the arrogant, whether an elite of blood or books.
Yet, in general, Americans were a literate people who read Shakespeare for intellectual pleasure and the Christian Bible for emotional succor; thus, the ideal American Man was a literate and technically-skilled man who was successful in his tradeergo a productive member of society.
We always preferred an ignorant, bad man to a talented one, and, hence, attempts were usually made to ruin the moral character of a smart candidate; since, unhappily, smartness and wickedness were supposed to be generally coupled, and [like-wise] incompetence and goodness.
The self-made man, from the middle class, could be trusted to act in the best interest of his fellow citizens.Jul 19, · When professors want students to use scholarly resources, she said, they tell their students not to use Wikipedia. The website has become a Author: Megan Zahneis.
Professors Should Embrace Wikipedia.
When the online, anyone-can-edit Wikipedia appeared in , teachers, especially college professors, were appalled. The Internet was already an apparently limitless source of nonsense for their students to eagerly consume -- now there was a Web site with the appearance of legitimacy and a dead-easy.
Apr 01, · If we as faculty members truly want to own the assessment of student performance and understanding, then we should work together toward meaningful solutions and processes, writes Will Miller. Professors should not be so quick to dismiss it, though. While no one should ever use Wikipedia as a primary source, it is a great place to get general information, and it can be a .
Anti-intellectualism is hostility to and mistrust of intellect, intellectuals, and intellectualism commonly expressed as deprecation of education and philosophy, and the dismissal of art, literature, and science as impractical and even contemptible human pursuits. JOURNAL ARTICLES, BOOK CHAPTERS, BOOKS.
Buttler, C.J. and Wilson, M.A. Paleoecology of an Upper Ordovician submarine cave-dwelling bryozoan fauna and its.