Coincidentally, I recently visited Indianapolis and had noticed a large billboard advertising ethanol free gasoline. There are about ten million flex fuel cars on the road designed to burn E
California oil and gas industry In the state was the 13th largest producer of natural gas in the United States, with a total annual production of billion cu feet of gas.
California businessmen[ edit ] In a new California Assembly created a new railroad commission with vastly enlarged powers and brought public utilities under state supervision.
Organized businessmen were the leaders of both of these reforms. The driving force for railroad regulation came less from an outraged public seeking lower rates than from shippers and merchants who wanted to stabilize their businesses.
Public utility officers spearheaded campaigns for the passage, and later the enlargement of the Public Utilities Act. They expected that state regulation would reduce wasteful competition between their companies, improve the value of their companies' securities, and allow them to escape continual wrangling with county and municipal authorities.
Legislation proposed by some businessmen was opposed by other business interests. In the s, most progressives came to view the business culture of the day not as a repudiation of progressive goals but as the fulfillment of it.
The most important progressive victories of were the passage of administrative reorganization laws, the King Bill, increasing corporate taxes, and a progressive budget. In —31, governor Clement Calhoun Young — brought more progressivism to the state. The state began large-scale hydroelectric power development, and began state aid to the handicapped.
California became the first state to enact a modern old-age pension law. The state park system was upgraded, and California like most states rapidly expanded its highway program, funding it through a tax on gasoline, and creating the California Highway Patrol.
In California voters, in a special election, narrowly granted women the right to vote, nine years before the 19th Amendment enfranchised women nationally inbut over 41 years later than the women of Wyoming had been granted the right to vote. Women's clubs flourished and turned a spotlight on issues such as public schoolsdirt and pollutionand public health.
California women were leaders in the temperance movementmoral reform, conservationpublic schools, recreationand other issues. They helped pass the 18th amendmentwhich established Prohibition in Initially, women did not often run for public office.
It was the only state where the Progressives took control of the Republican Party. Lincoln—Roosevelt League[ edit ] California was a leader in the Progressive Movement from the s into the s.
A coalition of reform-minded Republicansespecially in southern California, coalesced around Thomas Bard — Bard's election in as United States senator enabled the anti- machine Republicans to sustain a continuing opposition to the Southern Pacific Railway 's political power in California.
They helped nominate George C. Pardee for governor in and formed the " Lincoln—Roosevelt League ".A newly released study, produced with help from eight universities, found some good news. Between and , the global impact of human activities on the terrestrial environment is expanding more slowly than the rates of .
This article continues the history of California in the years and later; for events through , see History of California before After , California continued to grow rapidly and soon became an agricultural and industrial power.
To strengthen the heat dissipating capacity of a heat pipe used for integrated insulated gate bipolar transistors, as an extension of our earlier work, the effect of micro-groove dimension on the thermal performance of flat micro-grooved gravity heat pipe was studied. There are about 8, gas stations offering ethanol free gasoline and only about 1, offering E Russ Finley provides a list of 5 common reasons why drivers prefer ethanol-free over E Paul Kingsnorth is a writer and poet living in Cumbria, England.
He is the author of several books, including the poetry collection Kidland and his fictional debut The Wake, winner of the Gordon Burn Prize and the Bookseller Book of the Year Award. Kingsnorth is the cofounder and director of the Dark Mountain Project, a network of writers, artists, and thinkers.
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