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Despite the variety of your experience, the single common purpose must be to gain some knowledge which will help in achieving happy, productive children.
Gesell says that it takes about twenty-four years for an American youth to reach maturity, and that in a biological sense, the span of human infancy extends from the zero hour of birth to the middle twenties.
Other writers give a physiological-limited childhood, that is, when puberty begins. But we avoid a real understanding of child development if we attempt to make a division between childhood and adulthood on any mechanical basis, such as age or grade in school.
And if we limit ourselves to certain physiological changes which mark puberty, we are also making a division which is not in accord with reality. I should like to submit the following as a more dynamic approach, and therefore one which will give us a more useful conception of development: It is far more important to consider what happens to the child, in the childhood period, than to set some arbitrary physical attribute as the upper limit of the period.
First, we know that childhood development is a process — and as such, involves change, growth, movement towards some end.
We know that it is a complex process, and does not occur in a vacuum. One often speaks about the child as being influenced in one way or another, but a more real way to put it would be to say that many things, including the food he eats as well as the emotional environment, are themselves intimately synthesized into the end-product — the individual.
Now, what is the direction of this movement?
What is the goal of this process? You well know that development never ceases, and so you might say that this definition of childhood would apply to all ages. Unfortunately, too many people become aged without ever developing a self.
A child of five may be as much a self as a man of forty who has arrived at this desirable status by living.
But the important difference for us is that the six-year-old has a much more tenuous grip on this self. He must still consolidate and extend this self, and is much more vulnerable to profound changes of a constructive and destructive nature.
It is necessary to make some further remarks to distinguish our dynamic approach, because so much has been written about the oral, or grasping; and the anal, or obstinate, meticulous characteristics of the child. We hear, too, about the pleasure principle, and the implication that we are fundamentally destructive, and must be hobbled or sublimated to make us fit for polite society.
This is a pessimistic, practically misanthropic point of view. It is not necessary here to dilate on the arguments against this approach to understanding child development. However, I should mention that this classical approach is limited by its emphasis on inherent, rigid, though modifiable instincts, only casually related to our culture.
It is an exclusively biological approach. For us, development is biological and cultural, and both aspects are intimately related — not one primary, and the other secondary, both — are the matrix of growth.Positive Guidance and Discipline In Classrooms There is a difference in guidance and discipline.
Discipline involves teaching and learning. It also comes from the root word “disciple” which means a pupil, a follower, or a learner. "A guidance or discipline encounter is an interaction between an adult and child and often includes helping the child alter her behavior in some way" (Marion, , p.
Negative discipline strategies tend to focus, as one would assume, strictly on negative behavior. - Guidance Counseling and Parental Involvement The elementary school counseling and guidance program is part of the total school program and complements learning in the classroom.
It is child-centered, preventive, and developmental. Child Guidance Philosophy Learning is not something young children watch.
Learning is something they do. Author unknown. I believe that each and every child is different and unique. Their cultural upbringing, abilities, backgrounds, experiences and skills are what make them diverse individuals.
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Below is an essay on "Positive Child Guidance" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples. Positive Child Guidance “Changes and regressions in behavioural patterns are integral to the learning process in /5(1).