It seems like everyone has a theory for why the ruins were constructed. Some are more plausible than others.
August 18, Research shows that the site has continuously evolved over a period of about 10, years. The structure that we call "Stonehenge" was built between roughly 5, and 4, years ago and was one part of a larger sacred landscape that included a massive stone monument that was 15 times the size of Stonehenge.
The biggest of Stonehenge's stones, known as sarsens, are up to 30 feet 9 meters tall and weigh 25 tons It is widely believed that they were brought from Marlborough Downs, a distance of 20 miles 32 kilometers to the north.
Smaller stones, referred to as "bluestones" they have a bluish tinge when wet or freshly brokenweigh up to 4 tons and come from several different sites in western Waleshaving been transported as far as miles km.
It's unknown how people in antiquity moved them that far.
Recent experiments show that it is possible for a one-ton stone to be moved by a dozen people on a wooden trackway, but whether this technique was actually used by the ancient builders is uncertain. Scientists have also raised the possibility that during the last ice age glaciers carried these bluestones closer to the Stonehenge area and the monument's makers didn't have to move them all the way from Wales.
Water transport by raft is another idea that has been proposed but researchers now question whether this method was viable. No one knows why ancient people built Stonehenge, but it seems to have been arranged to face the midsummer sunrise and midwinter sunset.
Archaeologists have also found evidence for widespread prehistoric hunting and a road that may have led to Stonehenge. From what scientists can tell, Salisbury Plain was considered to be a sacred area long before Stonehenge itself was constructed.
As early as 10, years ago, three large pine posts, which were totem poles of sorts, were erected at the site. Hunting played an important role in the area. Researchers have uncovered roughly animal bones and 12, flint tools or fragments, just a mile away from Stonehenge, the finds dating from B.
The presence of abundant game may have led people to consider the area sacred. Simon Wyatt Dozens of burial mounds have been discovered near Stonehenge indicating that hundreds, if not thousands, of people were buried there in ancient times.
At least 17 shrines, some in the shape of a circle, have also been discovered near Stonehenge. A " House of the Dead " was recently discovered near Stonehenge that dates to B.
Around 5, years ago two earthworks known as Cursus monuments were erected at Stonehenge, the longest of which ran for 1. By 5, years ago two massive eyeglass-shaped wooden palisadeswhich were set ablaze during ceremonies, were constructed at Avebury, near Stonehenge.
At Stonehenge, more construction occurred around 5, years ago with postholes indicating that either bluestones or upright timber posts were propped up on the site. Then, around 4, years ago, a double circle made using dozens of bluestones was created at the site.
By 4, years ago, Stonehenge had changed again, having a series of sarsen stones erected in the shape of a horseshoe, with every pair of these huge stones having a stone lintel connecting them. In turn, a ring of sarsens surrounded this horseshoe, their tops connecting to each other, giving the appearance of a giant interconnected stone circle surrounding the horseshoe.
By 4, years ago, Stonehenge had been expanded to include the addition of two bluestone rings, one inside the horseshoe and another between the horseshoe and the outer layer of interconnected sarsen stones.In the s, a Brit named Alfred Watkins attempted to connect Stonehenge with other sites in England, arguing that when taken together, they served as landmarks to navigate through the island once dense, now vanished, ancient forest.
Jan 07, · Stonehenge itself is under the current henge terminologist a so-called atypical, as its landfill is located within the trench. It belongs to the British government since Managed and developed for tourism is from the English Heritage Stonehenge, the surroundings of the National Trust.
And plus this is England after all — wet, overcast England. The climate may have prevented the ancient people of Stonehenge from even seeing the sky with regularity. Still, Hawkins' theory is one of the more legitimate attempts at a Stonehenge explanation.
In the 12th Century, the legend of King Arthur wasn't completely regarded as fiction. Stonehenge was a place of burial from its beginning to its zenith in the mid third millennium B.C. The cremation burial dating to Stonehenge's sarsen stones phase is likely just one of many from this later period of the monument's use and demonstrates that it was still very much a domain of the barnweddingvt.com: Europe and North America.
Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument located in the English county of Wiltshire, about miles ( km) west of Amesbury and 8 miles (13 km) north of Salisbury.
One of the most famous sites in the World, Stonehenge is composed of a circular setting of large standing stones surrounded by earthworks.
Stonehenge appears to have been frequently visited in the Roman period (from AD 43), since many Roman objects have been found there. Recent excavations raised the possibility that it was a place of ritual importance to Romano-British people.