Cognitive dissonance is the negative feeling that results from conflicting beliefs and behaviors.
The theory of cognitive dissonance was molded by Leon Festinger at the beginning of the s. It suggests that inconsistencies among cognitions i.
According to the theory, people feel uncomfortable when they experience cognitive dissonance and thus are motivated to retrieve an acceptable state.
The magnitude of existing dissonance depends on the importance and strength of the involved cognitions. Experiencing a higher level of dissonance causes pressure and motivation to reduce the dissonance. Findings from several studies show that dissonance occurs when people do not act in accordance with their act attitude e.
Festinger cited under Core Books considered three ways to cope with cognitive dissonance: Early theorists in this field suggested improvement to the cognitive dissonance theory by adding restrictions for the emergence of the phenomena.
Three major developments have to be considered: Mostly studied in human beings, several studies shift paradigms to other animals such as non-human primates, rats, and birds. The cognitive dissonance theory has been applied to a very large array of social situations and leads to original experimental designs.
It is arguably one of the most influential theories in social psychology, general psychology, and cross-discipline sciences more generally.
General Overviews The field of cognitive dissonance is broad. Several paradigms were developed and many theories coexist. There are number of sources, mostly scientific articles and books, which provide a wide overview of the literature on cognitive dissonance. After about half-century of the development of the theory, several authors have published digests and state of the art concerning the topic, but they often suggest a partially deviant point of view.
Harmon-Jones and Harmon-Jones gives a short view of the main reformulations. Finally, more aimed at advanced researchers in cognitive dissonance, Harmon-Jones and Mills is an edited volume that synthesizes modern perspectives on dissonance.
The return of the repressed: Dissonance theory makes a comeback. Aronson reviews the history of cognitive dissonance and mainly develops the self-consistency revision. This paper could be considered as the one that permits a regain of interest of the theory in the late s. A brief history of dissonance theory.
Social and Personality Psychology Compass 1: The author does not develop the reformulations but presents outline of the theory. In Handbook of theories of social psychology. Edited by Paul M. Van Lange, Arie W.Psychologist Leon Festinger is known for his theory of cognitive dissonance, which concerns our actions and attitudes.
Keep reading for a brief biography of Festinger and to learn more about. Cognitive dissonance spawned decades of related research, from attempts at further theoretical refinement and development (Greenwald and Ronis ) to applications of the theory to domains as varied as the socialization of children, decision making, and color preferences (Aronson ).
An evaluation of research concludes that in order to prevent eating disorder diseases, such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, emphasis needs to be placed on creating positive body image and.
An Examination of Festinger's Cognitive Dissonance Theory and Notable Modifications Sometimes the greatest test of a theory is its longevity. Over time, some theories will be disproved, some will be modified, and some will become the basis for a whole new group of theories.
Leon Festinger developed the theory of cognitive dissonance, a motivational theory suggesting that people seek to minimize discomfort caused by inconsistent beliefs and behaviors.
He also developed social comparison theory, devised several of the earliest nonparametric statistical tests, and documented the key role of proximity in social. Perhaps research such as mine can be useful to further research into the area of dissonance and the use of tobacco.
Much work still needs to be done in this area. We see so many people dying from lung cancer. Something must be done.
Perhaps looking at effective methods of the use of cognitive dissonance can be helpful in this arena.