It is the root cause of many socio-economic problems including population explosion, unemployment, and child labour and rising graph of crimes. Poverty alleviation should be the main target of the nation so as to make it a prosperous and developed country. Thus, poverty elimination is a matter of fundamental importance.
In this essay we will discuss about Poverty in India. After reading this essay you will learn about: The Concept of Poverty 2. Absolute and Relative Poverty 3.
Recent Poverty Debate in India 5. Poverty Differential among Different States in India 6. Poverty Alleviation Programmes 7.
Economic Reforms and Poverty Eradication Programme 8. The Concept of Poverty: Poverty is a peculiar problem from which various countries of the world, particularly the Third World, have been suffering.
There cannot be a common definition of poverty which can be broadly accepted everywhere. Thus there are large differences between the definitions of poverty accepted in various countries of the world.
Leaving aside all these differences it can be broadly said that poverty is a situation where a section of the society, having no fault of their own, is denied of even basic necessities of life. In a country, where a chunk of the population is deprived of even minimum amenities of life since long period, the country is suffering from a vicious circle of poverty.
Poverty is considered as the greatest challenge faced by the societies in the third world countries. Poverty is also concerned with the comparison with respect to a fixed line—known as poverty line. However, the poverty line is fixed extraneously and, therefore, remains fixed for a certain period.
Normally poverty is defined with poverty line. Now the question which is relevant at this point is What is the poverty line and how is it fixed?
The answer to the question is that the poverty line is a cut-off point on the line of distribution, which usually divides the population of the country as poor and non-poor.
Accordingly, people having income below the poverty line are called poor and people with income above poverty line are called non-poor. Accordingly, this measure, i. Moreover, while fixing a poverty line we must take adequate care so that the poverty line is neither too high nor too low rather it should be reasonable one.
However, in India we determine our poverty line on the basis of private consumption expenditure for buying both food and non-food items. Thus it is observed that in India, poverty line is the level of private consumption expenditure which normally ensures a food basket that would ensure the required amount of calories.
Accordingly, the average caloric requirements for rural and urban person are fixed at 2, and 2, calories respectively. Thus, the required amount of calories would normally coincide with one of the class- interval or will fall between two intervals.
Using inverse interpretation method, one can find amount of consumption expenditure at which the minimum calorie requirement is met. This amount of consumption expenditure to meet the minimum calorie requirement for person is called the poverty line.
In India, broadly accepted definition of poverty emphasises more on minimum level of living rather than on reasonable level of living. Accordingly, it is broadly agreed that poverty can be termed as a situation where a section of the population fails to reach a certain minimum consumption standard.
Differences arise with the fixing of this minimum consumption standard. After a thorough examination, the study group set up by the Planning Commission in July recommended a standard of private consumption expenditure of Rs 20 at prices per capita per month as the bare minimum amount common to both rural and urban areas.
Various researchers like B.Poverty Essay 5 ( words) Poverty represents poor quality of life, illiteracy, malnutrition, lack of basic needs, low human resource development, etc. It is a biggest challenge to the developing country especially in India.
It is a phenomenon in which a section of people in the society cannot fulfill their basic necessities of life. Mar 13, · The poverty in India is determined by the “Poverty Line” which is a very disputed measure to determine the poverty. India is on of the poorest countries in the world as well as the number of rich people in India is also huge.
In , almost million people(%)were below the poverty line. Poor people in India cannot get their basic needs like food, water, shelter, clothes fulfilled.4/4(24). Useful Essay on Poverty in India!
The problem of poverty is considered as the biggest challenge to development planning in India. High poverty levels are synonymous with poor quality of life, deprivation, malnutrition, illiteracy and low human resource development. Poverty has been a serious and a long-lasting issue in India.
India is set to become a global economic power in decades to come. The hype of this booming economy causes great socio-economic concerns for this country and is being ignored by the government.
Essay # Measures to Reduce Poverty: The most common measure of poverty is to count the number of persons below the poverty line and express it as a percentage of total population in the country.
This is known as the head-count measure of poverty or head-count ratio.
Poverty in rural India: It is said that rural India is the heart of India. In reality, the life of people living in rural areas is marked with severe poverty. In reality, the .