Simon and Professor K. The main objective of the IPCS is to carry out and disseminate evaluations of the effects of chemicals on human health and the quality of the environment. Supporting activities include the development of epidemiological, experimental laboratory, and risk-assessment methods that could produce internationally comparable results, and the development of manpower in the field of toxicology.
Spinal mount on an Azhanti High Lighting class frontier cruiser from RPG Traveller As a general rule, a space warship is basically a " weapons platform.
We are a family-owned, professional, cleaning services company servicing the NJ area. We have the equipment and staff to handle your house and office cleaning needs. Type or paste a DOI name into the text box. Click Go. Your browser will take you to a Web page (URL) associated with that DOI name. Send questions or comments to doi. (ed note: this is a commentary about the computer game Children of a Dead Earth). I see a lot of misconceptions about space in general, and space warfare in .
Single weapons and multi-weapon turrets are mounted on " hardpoints " or "weapon stations. One only hangs a heavy picture frame on a nail in a wall stud, not just the wall board. For the same reason only mount a heavy turret on a hardpoint, not on a flimsy stretch of hull. Some hulls are about as strong as the skin on a beer can.
Turrets pivot to allow aiming the weapon s.
Homing missiles are often mounted in " vertical launch systems " or "missile cells", because they do not have to be aimed. Naturally some people who are into hyper-optimization and min-maxing will quickly switch from mounting weapons on a ship to building the ship around a weapon.
A monstrously huge weapon, with a fixed forward facing. Of course you probably have to turn the entire spacecraft in order to aim the weapon, but the ship is going to smite the target with the most bang for your buck.
It certainly will be the sort of ship that will blast the snot out of you if you are stupid enough to turn around and try running away. The ship will also have a similar outline as the weapon, probably long and skinny. Popular spinal mount weapons are coil guns, rail guns, and particle beam weapons, since those weapons inflict more damage the longer the weapon is.
A good example is the " Wave motion gun " that forms the spine of Space Battleship Yamato.
And Matthew Marden pointed out to me that in the USS Vesuvius was virtually a spinal mount, with " dynamite guns " fixed in both traverse and elevation. Isaac Kuo has some interesting observations on the placement of laser turrets: Your laser engine s can fire the beam down a central corridor, with mirrors to select a branch toward any of the laser turrets.
No matter how many turrets you have, you can concentrate all laser firepower through one turret. Rick Robinson calls this a "Laserstar" I tend to favor two turrets on opposite sides. Besides providing all around coverage and some redundancy, it also allows use of a "hunter-killer" tactic.
While one turret fires the laser to kill a target, the other turret can be scanning to "hunt" for the next target. This allows a near instantaneous switch from one target to the next, minimizing down time for the laser engine. Suppose each of your ships only had one laser turret, and the enemy knows this.
Then the enemy knows it takes some time for you to switch from the current targets to new targets. If the enemy notices that all of your ships are firing on particular targets, he can take advantage of this to open up sensitive sensors or radiators onboard the non-targeted ships.
In contrast, with two turrets per ship nowhere is safe from being targeted. This depends on the type of laser, of course. With typical IR-UV wavelength lasers, the availability of efficient mirrors generally makes this a compelling option. Other types of laser work differently.
In particular, an X-ray free electron laser requires pointing the entire ship at the target - particularly if a widely spaced zone plate is used to focus it the zone plate may be light seconds away, placed between the beam generating ship and the target.Fake News Papers Fake News Videos.
A Few Abbreviations. Type or paste a DOI name into the text box. Click Go.
Your browser will take you to a Web page (URL) associated with that DOI name. Send questions or comments to doi. The workforce is changing as businesses become global and technology erodes geographical and physical barnweddingvt.com organizations are critical to enabling this transition and can utilize next-generation tools and strategies to provide world-class support regardless of location, platform or device.
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UNITED NATIONS ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMME INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANISATION WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMME ON CHEMICAL SAFETY ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH CRITERIA Aluminium This report contains the collective views of an international group of experts and does not necessarily represent the decisions or the stated policy of the United Nations Environment .